Alappuzha is a Land Mark between the broad Arabian sea and a network of rivers flowing into it.In the early first decade of the 20th Century the then Viceroy of the Indian Empire, Lord Curzon made a visit in the State to Alleppey, now Alappuzha. Fascinated by the Scenic beauty of the place, in joy and amazement, he said, “Here nature has spent up on the land her richest bounties”. In his exhilaration, it is said, he exclaimed, “Alleppey, the Venice of the East”. Thus the sobriquet found its place in the world Tourism Map. The presence of a port and a pier, criss -cross roads and numerous bridges across them, a long and unbroken sea coast might have motivated him to make this comparison.
Alleppey has a wonderful past. Though the present town owes its existence to the sagacious Diwan Rajakesavadas in the second half of 18th century, district of Alappuzha figures in classified Literature. Kuttanad, the rice bowl of Kerala with the unending stretch of paddy fields, small streams and canals with lush green coconut palms , was well known even from the early periods of the Sangam age. History says Alappuzha had trade relations with ancient Greece and Rome in B.C and in the Middle Ages. Read More ….
Alappuzha is the smallest district of Kerala having :
North Latitudes – 9o 05′ and 9o 54′
East Longitudes – 76o 17′ 30″ and 76o 40′
North – Kochi and Kanayannur Taluks of Ernakulam district
East – Vaikom, Kottayam and Changanassery Taluks of Kottayam district and Thiruvalla, Kozhencherry and Adoor taluks of Pathanamthitta District
South – Kunnathur and Karunagappally of Kollam District
West – Lakshadweep ( Arabian ) sea
Alappuzha has a diverse topography. It is a sandy strip of land intercepted by lagoons, rivers and canals. There are neither mountains nor hills in the district except some scattered hillocks lying between Bharanikkavu and Chengannur blocks in the eastern portion of the district. Cherthala, Ambalappuzha, Kuttanad and Karthikappally Taluks fully lie in low land region. 80% of the district lies in coastal region and the rest in midland region.The district has a contiguous long coastline of 82 Km. Alappuzha is the only district where there is no high land and forest area in Kerala. Water bodies constitute 13% of the district and Kuttanad area lies below sea level.
The climate is moist and hot in the coast and slightly cool and dry in the interior of the district. The average monthly temperature is 250 C. The district also gets the benefit of two outstanding monsoons as in the case of other parts of the state. The district has 8 reporting rain gauge stations at Arookutty, Cherthala, Alappuzha, Ambalapuzha, Harippad, Kayamkulam, Mavelikkara and Chengannur. The average rainfall in the district is 2763 mm.
Hot season – March to May
South-west monsoon (Edavappathi) – June to September
North-east monsoon (Thulavarsham) – October to November
Dry weather – December to February
SandyWestern parts of Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, KarthikappallyCoconut
|Peaty & Kari||Eastern regions of Cherthala & Ambalapuzha, western portions of Kuttanad||Poor fertility & of low yields|
|Alluvial||Rest of Kuttanad, north eastern portions of Karthikappally, western portions of Chengannur, north western sector of Mavelikkara & the delta region formed by Pamba, Manimala and Achenkovil rivers near its confluence with the Vembanad lake||Paddy, Sugar cane|
|Laterite||Major portion of Chengannur & Mavelikkara||coconut, arecanut,fruit trees etc.|
|Sandy||Cherthala, Ambalapuzha, Karthikappally||Coconut|